Sirius The Dog Star

 

Sirius The Dog Star

clip_image001Alpha Canis Majoris

Sirius (Alpha Canis Majoris) the brightest star in the sky is located in the constellation of Canis Major -The Great Dog, named after the Dog Star. It can be seen from almost every inhabited region on Earth’s surface. And in the right conditions can be seen in day light.

Sirius Associations

Sirius has consistently been associated with a celestial dog throughout the classical world; China, identified the star as a:

“Heavenly wolf.”

Ancient Chaldea (present day Iraq), knew it as the:

“Dog Star that Leads,” / “Star of the Dog.”

Assyria, named it:

“Dog of the Sun”

and ancient Akkadia:

“Dog Star of the Sun.”

Greece associated it with the heat of summer calling it

“Seiros” – the scorcher or the glowing.

Hindu writings referred to it as

“Sukra” the ”Rain God” or “Rain Star.”

clip_image002The Dog is also described as:

“He who awakens the gods of the air, and summons them to their office of bringing the rain.”

The Wolf (Skidi) tribe of Nebraska knew it as the:

“Wolf Star.”

Further north, the Alaskans called it:

“Moon Dog.”

In Greek times Aratus referred to Canis Major as Orion’s guard-dog, following its master’s heels, and standing on its hind legs carrying Sirius in its jaws. Manilius called it the:

“Dog with the blazing face.”

Canis Major (large dog) seems to pursue the hare across the sky, the hare being represented by the constellation Lepus under Orion’s feet.

Also known as:

“Star of the Celestial Wolf”

Sirius was one of the dogs given in mythology, to Europa as a gift and a guardian.

All ancient sources described Sirius as a “red”, “fiery” and “copper” star. To Romans this meant “angry god” and they are known to have sacrificed red dogs to it and the hottest part of summer is still known as “Dog Days.”
Today Sirius is bright white, tinged with blue. The mystery remains.

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