What Breed of Dog? Pure Breed or Crossbreed?

 

Mixed Breed Dogs (Mongrels)

mongrel-vientianeMongrels (mixed breed dogs) do not generally display extremes in temperament or behaviour. Consequently they tend to be more flexible and are better equipped to adapt to a wider variety of households and lifestyles and can make for great family pets. They are not expensive to purchase and many are eagerly awaiting loving homes in rescue centres.

Most mongrels have good genetic diversity, (combination of unrelated genes carrying many different traits) and usually have robust general health and vitality. They are also likely to be of a more natural build rather than some of the more extreme examples of todays “man-made” breeds which can be linked to increased health-related issues.

However adult size and appearance is unpredictable and certain health problems cannot be ruled out as it is not possible to test mongrel’s parents for breed specific issues. Mongrels are not the best choice if they are required for a particular skill e.g. herding. In such circumstances specific pure-breeds or purpose-bred cross-breeds would be far better equipped for the task.

CROSS-BREEDS

Crosses between two pure-breed dogs of different breeds – increasingly known “designer dogs” usually show physical and behavioural traits similar to both parents in varying degrees. Depending on the genetic combinations this can lead to some very unique litters. They usually make great pets if trained and socialised properly to bring out the best traits in behaviour and temperament – as with goldendoodle-rescueany dog. Careful cross breeding may lower the chances of passing on a particular health condition if only one parent is the carrier. It could also lead to some of today’s cross-breeds evolving into the pure-breeds of tomorrow. E.g., “The Cockapoo,” “Sprocker” and “Sprollie.”

But the exact personality type a cross-breeding might produce is not predictable and neither is size, especially if noticeably different sized dog breeds are crossed. If both parents are carriers of the same particular gene hereditary breed-related health issues are very likely to appear in the cross breeds. Many cross-breeds are currently selling for two or three times as much as a pure-breed due to all the interest in “designer dogs”.

PURE-BRED DOGS

Pure-breed dogs have many physical canine characteristics including size and some temperament and behaviour traits that are predictable. Food bills, grooming requirements and amount of exercise will be easier to estimate. Knowing the original purpose of a dog’s breed can make training and understanding the dog much easier and help build a very close bond between dog and owner.

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But pure-breed dogs are not GUARANTEED to develop the expected traits. Some do not “conform to the norm” for their breed. They often display the working behaviours they were bred for and these could be difficult to live with if the dog is to be purely a companion or family pet.

The Pros and Cons of Neutering

 

To Neuter or Not to Neuter!

downloadSPAYING

PROS

  • Prevents bitch having puppies and false pregnancies
  • Normally eliminates inconvenience of seasons and stops the bleeding and behavioural changes.
  • Early spaying (before 1st season) drastically reduces the chances of mammary tumours later in life.
  • Completely removes the risk of Pyometra (uterine infection and a serious threat to all ages which can be fatal.
  • Helps with hierarchy problems but must spay lower ranking bitch only.

CONS

  • Temperament changes are possible with some bitches becoming more docile.
  • Small risk of urinary incontinence in early spaying but this can be treated easily.Neutering
  • Spaying, though routine, is major surgery. It is very uncommon but occasionally a haemorrhage can occur. There is also a small risk of problems within the skin wound.
  • The older the bitch is at the time of spaying (this should be around 9+ months) the greater the risks involved.
  • Recovery can take several days and it can take several weeks for her to heal. A follow up visit 7-10 days after spaying is necessary to remove the stitches.
  • Possible weight gain but if diet is properly adjusted and after spaying and appropriate exercise is given this should not be a problem.

CASTRATION

Neutering 2
NB CASTRATION IS NOT SUITABLE FOR ALL BEHAVIOUR PROBLEMS AND NEEDS TO BE CONSIDERED CAREFULLY.

PROS

  • Prevents the dog causing unwanted pregnancies
  • If done early prevents straying, leg lifting and territory marking
  • Prevents Testicular cancer (common cause of death in older dogs)
  • Reduces the risk of Prostrate cancer
  • Can cure hierarchy problems – between two males – so long as ONLY the LOWER ranking dog is neutered. This widens the gap between them and allows the higher ranking dog to take the top dog spot. NEVER neuter both – dogs are never equal.
  • Aggressive behaviour especially towards other dogs is usually reduced after castration.
  • Dominant/over amorous sexual behaviour is also normally much reduced. This results in less straying and helps to reduce traffic accidents.

CONSfunny-dog-photos-with-captions-dog-realized-he-is-getting-neutered

  • Neutering is not a cure for all problems. It can help but also it could make no difference whatsoever:

E.G. It is unlikely to make any difference to: Wild and unruly behaviour or dog to dog/people aggression. And never to: Destructive behaviour and separation anxiety.

  • As with spayed bitches, castrated dogs can also experience changes in temperament, some becoming much quieter/docile.
  • As with spaying there is a possibility of weight gain after castration, but if diet is properly adjusted and controlled and appropriate exercise is given this should not be a problem.
  • Too late (around 12 months – peak of testosterone production) possible leading to a hormone driven “thug” dog for life.
  • Too young (around 7 months) risk dog will be thought of as female by other males due to not developing a proper masculine body and masculine behaviour. Vets do not usually castrate till around 9 months old.
  • Recovery usually takes 1-2 days with a follow up visit to remove stitches 7-10 days later.
NB Neither of these procedures are reversible! If there is any possibility of requirement to breed from a bitch at a later date or of having a dog at stud then neutering is not an option!

The US Food Stamps Program

The Pet Food Stamps Program

 

clip_image002Over 50 million Americans benefit from the US Food Stamps program.

Unfortunately for many US cat and dog owners the cost of buying pet supplies is not included and in these times of financial difficulty they find themselves without food for their pets and therefore unable to keep them. It is a very sad statistic that four million pets out of the seven million given up to shelters are put down every year.

Registered NYS non-profit corporation, The Pet Food Stamps program

is attempting to bridge the gap for such owners and prevent the wholly unnecessary death of innocent and much loved pets.

 

clip_image004They aim to offer this assistance to any approved U.S citizen

offering good, healthy food supplies on 100% free, monthly, home delivery for a period of 6-months. Approval is granted by individual assessment based on pet owner need and personal income. Consequently owners with more than one pet may find themselves eligible for multi pet product deliveries.

 

“Due to the high demand for this service – thousands of applications daily it can take several weeks before owners receive an yes or no answer.” ~ Marc Okon, program founder and executive director.

 

Similar services are available at Washington Animal Rescue League:

“One of our missions is to provide income-qualified families with discounted pet care, vaccinations, vaccine clinics, neutered clinics and vet care. We have a new medical centre on site … We also have a food bank run entirely on donations.” ~ League spokesman Matt Williams

If you are receiving US Food Stamps or are in a low income bracket and would like to apply for Pet Food Stamps, please click HERE

https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/outlaw-profit-high-kill-animal-shelters/w3hS2CpH

 

Source: ABC

Introduction to Kennel Design 2–Buildings

ISOLATION UNITS

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These are mandatory separate units situated away from the main kennel blocks. They are designed for comfort and reassurance with extra heating available when necessary, and are easily accessible for the extra attention that will be needed.

WALLS

kennels-2_fitzpatrickreferrals.co.ukpic009The kennel walls are chosen to be impermeable and easy to clean. Regular washing and disinfecting of the wall along with scratching and chewing can quickly causes a kennel block to develop an unkempt appearance. So choosing suitable materials is essential. IIMG_3433.10183538_stdt should also mean happy and comfortable space dogs! The purpose-made galvanized mesh panels used in the kennel runs have the advantage of various built-in safety features. sassy 1

FLOORS

2ee154172da6e9f4e0ae09ec3983_grandeboardingluci.legaproanimale.orgKennel floors are also designed to be impermeable to water and other liquids. They are largely tiled but for the heavier duty occupant sealed concrete floors are available. Sealing is vital in the interests of maintaining the highest of hygiene standards throughout the kennels.

Introduction to Kennel Design–Facilities

 

KENNEL BLOCKS

kennel_inside_largeKennels-Frontlarge-P5020468Recommended kennel design includes spacious attached runs. One of the easier designs to manage is the central corridor with kennels on either side, each one leading to an individual run. This avoids any sense of isolation as the dogs can see one another, and also allows for viewing by kennel staff. They have an access hatch to the run area which can be opened both from outside the run gate and from inside the corridor. The inside kennels can be cleaned very easily when the dogs are in the runs and once these areas are cleaned and disinfected dealing with the outside runs is straight forward.

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Outside runs attached to kennels are separated from each other by 1-metre-high solid walls topped with galvanized mesh panels to give 2-metre-high division. This design ensures maximum ease of cleaning. The runs are fully mesh covered to deter the more determined dog who thrives on escape tactics. The mesh gates are thoroughly checked to guarantee they close firmly and cannot be opened by the more ingenious canine individuals.

Secure perimeter fencing and locked gates when the kennels are unattended secures them against intruders. Security is further heightened by innovative alarm systems

OUTDOOR RUNS

20091024000000546ae299f36e15bb11e8e746db3327a9runs1In addition to the individual kennel runs there are also other large and securely fenced runs where the dogs can run free. Chain-link fencing, which is usually used for the larger exercise runs is sunk in concrete below the surface and can be green PVC-coated or galvanized. To deter jumpers, the outside perimeter fencing of chain link uses taut wire strands sloping inwards atop 2-metre high chain link. There are also several securely fenced outside covered exercise areas for free running in bad weather.

Kennel Life 9–Checking In

 

NEW ARRIVALS TO THE KENNELS

Reception

New arrivals are restricted to the official opening hours only and should arrive at reception with the appropriate paperwork accompanying them. This will signed and checked by the handler and a kennel manager with the correct level of authority. Vaccination certificates are vital and it is vital they are checked properly.

No dogs can be admitted without evidence of full vaccination for PvDHL plus any booster or kennel cough vaccination required. Handlers from other countries must have evidence of any specialist vaccinations necessary for their place of origin. This is also vital for the continued insurance of the kennels. For obvious security reasons admission to the kennels will only be on admittance of one of the staff and all dogs must be leashed.

Kennel Life 8–Dog Grooming

 

GROOMING

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Dogs should be groomed regularly, particularly longer coated breeds and working dogs. The basic Dog Groomingbrushing, combing and tidying should be part of the normal daily routine. No dog should ever leave the kennels looking less than its best. Full, professional services are available for dogs that need it and handlers that require it for their charges. Training centres also offers training courses for handlers who wish to acqDog Grooming 2uire the necessary skills. This is especially beneficial for the handlers of long-coated dogs as a matted dog is often very miserable and uncomfortable.

Montana Man Receives Reimbursement after Golden Retriever Eats Cash

The Daily Golden

Back in April, I posted a story in about the golden retriever who ate his owners cash while he was left in the car during a trip while his owners ate dinner.

Golden Retriever Eats $500 – What Happens Next?

Sundance ate 5 $100 bills and his owner, Wayne Klinkel, followed the dog around until he recovered all the bills. (I won’t go into detail)  Klinkel washed the bills and sent them to the U.S. Treasury in an attempt to be reimbursed.

Monday, Klinkel received a check for the $500 and was pleasantly surprised.  He has since learned not to leave cash laying around.

Klinkel tells the media “It was great to get the check after all the crap I went through,”

You can say that again!

View original post 3 more words

Kennel Life 7–Stock Taking and Record Keeping

 

TAKING STOCK

Daily stock checks are essential on cleaning materials and foodstuffs. Time must be allowed for reordering and delivery, and also for unexpected delays. Daily close inspections of run fencing and kennels are vital in case of damage or the need to repair. Gates or fences should never be left unrepaired and damage should be reported to the kennel manager immediately. Latches, hinges and locks; all need checking. Some dogs can inflict very serious damage to their accommodation, and the resulting requirement for ultra-careful cleaning and repairs should not be underestimated.

HEALTH RECORD CARDS

dsc_0034resize1crevecoeurvets.com Animal HospitalEach dog should have its own health record card updated daily. These hold basic health information and the handler should update this as part of the daily morning routine. Vets are busy and have to plan their rounds. They will also need answers to basic questions in order to help diagnosis. Health cards provide a system that will ensure all staff are properly informed of each dogs health status during each duty rotation.