A dog is big commitment and comes with serious responsibilities…Take the time to research their needs and to give serious and honest consideration to whether or not you are willing and able to meet their needs and to give them the life they deserve. You owe it to yourself and your potential new dog. Think before you leap!!
Prevents bitch having puppies and false pregnancies
Normally eliminates inconvenience of seasons and stops the bleeding and behavioural changes.
Early spaying (before 1st season) drastically reduces the chances of mammary tumours later in life.
Completely removes the risk of Pyometra (uterine infection and a serious threat to all ages which can be fatal.
Helps with hierarchy problems but must spay lower ranking bitch only.
Temperament changes are possible with some bitches becoming more docile.
Small risk of urinary incontinence in early spaying but this can be treated easily.
Spaying, though routine, is major surgery. It is very uncommon but occasionally a haemorrhage can occur. There is also a small risk of problems within the skin wound.
The older the bitch is at the time of spaying (this should be around 9+ months) the greater the risks involved.
Recovery can take several days and it can take several weeks for her to heal. A follow up visit 7-10 days after spaying is necessary to remove the stitches.
Possible weight gain but if diet is properly adjusted and after spaying and appropriate exercise is given this should not be a problem.
NB CASTRATION IS NOT SUITABLE FOR ALL BEHAVIOUR PROBLEMS AND NEEDS TO BE CONSIDERED CAREFULLY.
Prevents the dog causing unwanted pregnancies
If done early prevents straying, leg lifting and territory marking
Prevents Testicular cancer (common cause of death in older dogs)
Reduces the risk of Prostrate cancer
Can cure hierarchy problems – between two males – so long as ONLY the LOWER ranking dog is neutered. This widens the gap between them and allows the higher ranking dog to take the top dog spot. NEVER neuter both – dogs are never equal.
Aggressive behaviour especially towards other dogs is usually reduced after castration.
Dominant/over amorous sexual behaviour is also normally much reduced. This results in less straying and helps to reduce traffic accidents.
Neutering is not a cure for all problems. It can help but also it could make no difference whatsoever:
E.G. It is unlikely to make any difference to: Wild and unruly behaviour or dog to dog/people aggression. And never to: Destructive behaviour and separation anxiety.
As with spayed bitches, castrated dogs can also experience changes in temperament, some becoming much quieter/docile.
As with spaying there is a possibility of weight gain after castration, but if diet is properly adjusted and controlled and appropriate exercise is given this should not be a problem.
Too late (around 12 months – peak of testosterone production) possible leading to a hormone driven “thug” dog for life.
Too young (around 7 months) risk dog will be thought of as female by other males due to not developing a proper masculine body and masculine behaviour. Vets do not usually castrate till around 9 months old.
Recovery usually takes 1-2 days with a follow up visit to remove stitches 7-10 days later.
NB Neither of these procedures are reversible! If there is any possibility of requirement to breed from a bitch at a later date or of having a dog at stud then neutering is not an option!
Daily stock checks are essential on cleaning materials and foodstuffs. Time must be allowed for reordering and delivery, and also for unexpected delays. Daily close inspections of run fencing and kennels are vital in case of damage or the need to repair. Gates or fences should never be left unrepaired and damage should be reported to the kennel manager immediately. Latches, hinges and locks; all need checking. Some dogs can inflict very serious damage to their accommodation, and the resulting requirement for ultra-careful cleaning and repairs should not be underestimated.
HEALTH RECORD CARDS
Each dog should have its own health record card updated daily. These hold basic health information and the handler should update this as part of the daily morning routine. Vets are busy and have to plan their rounds. They will also need answers to basic questions in order to help diagnosis. Health cards provide a system that will ensure all staff are properly informed of each dogs health status during each duty rotation.